Spring 2007 Silha Bulletin

Volume 12, Number 3

Below is the Table of Contents for the Spring 2007 edition of the Silha Bulletin.  Click on the title to read the full article.

Table of Contents 2007 Spring

Bulletin Spring 2007 
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Cover Story: Media Coverage of Virginia Tech Shootings Sparks Controversy and Scrutiny 
In the days following the April 16, 2007 Virginia Tech shooting, media outlets scrambled to cover the event from every possible angle.

Reporter’s Privilege News: Freelance Journalist and Blogger Released After 226 Days in Prison 
Freelance journalist Joshua Wolf was released from prison April 3, 2007, after spending 226 days incarcerated for refusing to comply with a grand jury subpoena. 

Reporter’s Privilege News: Washington State Enacts Reporter Shield Law 
In February 2007, the Washington state House of Representatives unanimously (with two lawmakers not voting) passed a shield law granting reporters an absolute privilege for protecting confidential sources, and in March, the state’s Senate followed suit with a 41-7 vote (with one lawmaker not voting) on a similar version of the law. Continue reading 

Reporter’s Privilege News: The New York Times Refuses Opportunity to Discuss Reporter’s Role in Conspiracy to Publish Sealed Documents 
In February 2007, The New York Times declined an invitation offering their reporter Alex Berenson an opportunity to explain his role in what Senior District Court Judge Jack B. Weinstein described as a “conspiracy” to defy a protective order in a recently-settled class action lawsuit that was, at the time of the alleged conspiracy, pending before United States District Court for Eastern New York. 

Reporter’s Privilege News: Judge Orders Mankato Reporter to Disclose Notes from Interview with Man who Took His Own Life After Standoff 
A state district judge in Blue Earth County, Minn. has ordered a reporter for The (Mankato) Free Press to disclose his notes about a telephone conversation he had with a man during a police standoff that ended in the man’s death and the wounding of two police officers. 

Endangered Journalists: International Roundup 
A former Egyptian law student was sentenced to four years in jail after being found guilty of inciting hatred of Islam and insulting Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak in articles that the student posted online under an assumed name. 

International News: Danish Editor Wins Free Press Award 
Flemming Rose, the editor of the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten who was at the center of the 2005 controversy over his newspaper’s publication of a controversial series of political cartoons depicting the prophet Mohammed, has been honored with an award from the Danish Free Press Society. 

International News: French Editor wins Lawsuit over Publication of Cartoons 
On March 22, 2007, Phillipe Val, editor of the French satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo, was acquitted of charges brought against him in a Paris court by Muslim groups for publishing cartoons depicting the prophet Mohammed in his paper. 

International News: Rome II Proceedings Could Decide Venue for Suits 
Efforts by the European Union to facilitate civil litigation between citizens of different member states were frustrated by proposed regulations that would require EU countries to apply the law of other member states when resolving legal claims against the press. 

Defamation/Libel: Tenth Circuit Declines to Strike Down Colorado’s Criminal Libel Law After Finding Student’s Challenge Moot 
In a disappointing decision for criminal libel law opponents, the United States Court of Appeals (Tenth Circuit) in Denver declined to rule on the constitutionality of Colorado’s criminal libel law in an opinion handed down in April 2007, Mink v. Suthers, 2007 WL 1113951 (10th Cir. Apr. 16, 2007)(formerly titled Mink v. Salazar, 344 F. Supp. 2d 1231 (D. Colo. 2004)). 

Defamation/Libel: Iowa Supreme Court Permits Defamation-by-Implication Suit 
In a March 2007 decision, the Iowa Supreme Court allowed a defamation action against a newspaper to proceed despite finding the allegedly libelous statements to be true. 

Privacy: California Supreme Court Permits Invasion of Privacy Suit to Continue Against College Professor 
The California Supreme Court has permitted one claim in an invasion of privacy suit to proceed against a college professor who allegedly misrepresented herself to the plaintiff’s former foster mother in order to acquire information about the plaintiff. 

Media Access: Minnesota Media Organizations Petition State Supreme Court to Create Presumption of Camera Access to Trials 
A consortium of media organizations in Minnesota has petitioned the state Supreme Court for increased electronic access to trials in its state courts. 

Media Access: Pentagon Bars Reporters from Attending Guantanamo Hearings 
Days before the United States was to conduct “combatant status review tribunals” to determine whether prisoners being held at detention facilities in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba were properly classified as “enemy combatants,” the Pentagon announced that reporters would be barred from the hearings. 

Media Access: Judge Rules Classified Evidence in AIPAC Trial Cannot be Kept Secret from Press and Public 
A United States District Court Judge for the Eastern District of Virginia has vetoed a government prosecution proposal that he said would have effectively walled off the public from the espionage trial of two former lobbyists. 

Media Access: Judge Rules Toledo Mayor Cannot Ban Reporter from News Conferences Because he is “Not Objective” 
A federal judge has prohibited the mayor of Toledo from barring a radio reporter from city news conferences. 

Media Access: Massachusetts High Court Rules Public Has No Right of Access to Show-Cause Hearings; Adopts Balancing Test
The Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court held in March 2007 that the media and public have no First Amendment right to attend a Massachusetts show-cause hearing in Eagle-Tribune Publishing co. v. Clerk-Magistrate of the Lawrence Division of the District Court Dept., Mass., No. SJC-09665 (Mass. 2007).

Media Access: Charges Dropped Against Photographer Who Took Pictures of Voters
Charges have been dropped against a journalist arrested for photographing voters in 2004.

Prior Restraint: Missouri Newspapers Win Prior Restraint Victory After Articles Initially Censored
In March 2007, Presiding Missouri Court of Appeals Judge Patricia Breckenridge overturned a district court order that had required two newspapers to remove articles from their Web sites and prevented them from publishing further information about a confidential attorney-client memo they had obtained regarding the Kansas City (Mo.) Board of Public Utilities.

Plagiarism: CBS News Producer Fired Over “Omission”
A CBS News producer was fired after it was discovered that a segment she had written for the “Katie Couric’s Notebook” video blog was largely copied from a Wall Street Journal column.

Plagiarism: Boston Globe Suspends Reporter Accused of Plagiarism
Shortly after allegations surfaced on the Internet that veteran sportswriter Ron Borges had plagiarized passages of another reporter’s work in his weekly football column, The Boston Globe suspended Borges without pay for two months and barred the reporter from appearing on television and radio broadcasts during his suspension.

Misrepresentation: Award-winning Photojournalist Digitally Altered 79 Photos Submitted to Newspapers, Wire Services
In April 2007, The Toledo (Oh.) Blade announced that one of its former photographers had altered 79 of the 947 photos he had submitted, 58 of which the paper published before discovering the alterations.

Misrepresentation: Writer Amends Apology, Admits Fabricating Entire ‘Monkeyfishing’ Story 
Jay Forman, author of an article about fishing for monkeys off Florida’s Lois Key that was published on Slate.com in June 2001, has changed his story for a third time, saying he made it all up. Continue reading 

Media Ethics: Imus Scandal Sparks a Discussion on Media’s Willingness to ‘Play Along’ with ‘Unconscionable’ Remarks 
A week-long scandal that ended in the firing of radio personality Don Imus prompted a wide-ranging debate about whether journalists and reporters who frequented his show condoned outrageous behavior in order to be part of an elite media “in crowd.” 

Media Ethics: Controversy over Los Angeles Times Editor’s Resignation Following Alleged Conflict of Interest Played out Online 
Los Angeles Times editorial page editor Andrés Martinez resigned on March 22, 2007, saying the newspaper overreacted to a “perception of a conflict of interest.” 

Media Ethics: Former New York Times Reporter Admits Making Payment to Subject of Story 
Revelations that former New York Times reporter Kurt Eichenwald gave the subject of one of his articles $2000 has caused controversy within the journalism community. 

Media Ethics: Pioneer Press Sues Star Tribune After Publisher’s Defection 
The two largest newspapers in Minnesota are embroiled in litigation after the former publisher of the St. Paul Pioneer Press Paul Anthony “Par” Ridder left the Press to take the same job at the (Minneapolis) Star Tribune in March 2007. 

Internet Updates: Popular Web Site YouTube Faces Challenges in U.S. and Abroad 
The popular video Web site YouTube is facing a $1 billion copyright lawsuit from a major media corporation and was blocked in two countries for content that was called insulting to national leaders. 

Internet Updates: Coroner Charged with Conspiring with Reporters to Gain Access to Confidential Information 
On March 26, 2007, a Lancaster County, Penn. coroner faced charges of unlawfully using a computer and conspiring with local reporters to gain access to confidential police information. 

Internet Updates: Former NJ Councilman Files Lawsuit After Being Outed as Anonymous Blogger 
One year after Michael Gallucci was exposed as an anonymous and often incendiary commentator on a Web site hosted by a New Jersey Internet service provider  (“ISP”) with ties to 14 newspapers in the state, the former Teaneck, N.J., councilman filed a lawsuit in a Superior Court of New Jersey.

Internet Updates: Influential Blogger Proposes Code of Conduct for Blogging 
In April 2007, Tim O’Reilly, an influential blogger, book publisher, and conference promoter, who the San Francisco Chronicle called a “central figure in the Web 2.0 world,” proposed a blogger’s code of conduct after another blogger made headlines because of receiving death threats online. 

Silha Events: Silha Forum Examines Media Coverage of Tragedies 
Linda Walker, the mother of the late Dru Sjodin, a University of North Dakota college student murdered in 2003, joined members of the media and the executive director of the Jacob Wetterling Foundation at the Silha Spring Forum, “When Tragedy Strikes, What is the Media’s Role?” 

Silha Events: Local Journalists Discuss Commitment to Objectivity 
In a forum event titled “Without Fear or Favor: Objectivity Revisited,” journalists, scholars and members of the public met at Minnesota Public Radio’s (MPR) UBS Forum in downtown St. Paul on February 26 to discuss one of journalism’s most challenging topics: objectivity.